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Definition :

Paralysis is the complete loss of muscle function for one or more muscle groups. Paralysis can cause loss of feeling or loss of mobility in the affected area.

Causes :

1. Stroke
2. Trauma with nerve injury
3. Poliomyelitis
4. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
5. Botulism 
6. Spina bifida
7. Multiple sclerosis
8. Guillain-Barré syndrome
9. Spinal cord injury
10. Tumor

Types of paralysis :

Monoplegia : This is one of the types of paralysis where in the affected person will be unable to use his single limb. It is usually caused due to the weakening of a single limb of the body.

Hemiplegia : This type of paralysis results in weakening of the muscles in entire left or right side of the body. Either one of the side of the body gets affected. It can be also due to the polio attack which attacks the nervous system and thus leaves a victim in the paralyzed condition.

Paraplegia : This type causes the person to completely unable to get out of the wheel chair. Two legs will be paralyzed making a person unable to walk or move independently. Quadriplegia: This type of paralysis makes both legs and arms to get paralyzed.

Symptoms :
  • Changes To Circulation And Respiration
  • Changes To The Kidneys And Gastrointestinal System
  • Changes To Muscles, Joints, And Bones
  • Spasticity Of The Limbs
  • Muscle Spasms
  • Pressure Sores
  • Edema
  • Blood Clots In The Lower Limbs
  • Feelings Of Numbness Or Pain
  • Skin Injury
  • Bacterial Infection
  • Disruption Of The Normal Working Of The Tissues, Glands, And Organs
  • Constipation
  • Loss Of Control Of Urination
  • Sexual Difficulties
  • Abnormal Sweating
  • Abnormal Breathing Or Heart Rate
  • Balance Problems
  • Difficulty Thinking
  • Behavioral Issues
  • Difficulty Speaking Or Swallowing
  • Vision Problems
Grading of muscle power :

Grade 0 – complete paralysis
Grade 1 – flicker of contraction present
Grade 2 – active movement with gravity eliminated
Grade 3 – Active movement against gravity
Grade 4 – Active movement against gravity and some resistance described as poor, fair, moderate strength.
Grade 5 – Normal power.

Physiotherapy :
  • Range Of Motion Exercise
  • Balancing Exercises
  • Weight Bearing Exercise
  • PNF Techniques
  • Cold Or Hot Water Therapy
  • Positioning
  • Stretching Exercises
  • Strengthening Exercises